Used 2016 Audi A3 Cost to Own

Total 5-Year Ownership Costs

A3 Convertible

1.8 TFSI Premium 2dr Convertible (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$50,035*

Total Cash Price

$19,073

1.8 TFSI Premium Plus S Line 2dr Convertible (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$63,720*

Total Cash Price

$24,290

1.8 TFSI Premium Plus 2dr Convertible (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$60,726*

Total Cash Price

$23,149

2.0 TFSI Prestige quattro 2dr Convertible AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$61,154*

Total Cash Price

$23,312

1.8 TFSI Prestige 2dr Convertible (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$56,450*

Total Cash Price

$21,519

2.0 TFSI Premium Plus quattro 2dr Convertible AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$51,318*

Total Cash Price

$19,562

2.0 TFSI Premium quattro 2dr Convertible AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$43,193*

Total Cash Price

$16,465

2.0 TFSI Premium Plus S Line quattro 2dr Convertible AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$48,324*

Total Cash Price

$18,421

A3 Sedan

1.8 TFSI Premium Plus S Line 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$53,029*

Total Cash Price

$20,214

2.0 TFSI Premium Plus quattro 4dr Sedan AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$49,180*

Total Cash Price

$18,747

2.0 TFSI Prestige quattro 4dr Sedan AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$62,437*

Total Cash Price

$23,801

2.0 TFSI Premium Plus S Line quattro 4dr Sedan AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$60,299*

Total Cash Price

$22,986

2.0 TFSI Premium quattro 4dr Sedan AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$52,173*

Total Cash Price

$19,888

1.8 TFSI Premium Plus 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$61,582*

Total Cash Price

$23,475

1.8 TFSI Prestige 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$50,890*

Total Cash Price

$19,399

1.8 TFSI Premium 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$42,765*

Total Cash Price

$16,302

A3 Diesel

2.0 TDI Premium Plus 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$63,720*

Total Cash Price

$24,290

2.0 TDI Premium 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$48,752*

Total Cash Price

$18,584

2.0 TDI Prestige 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$63,292*

Total Cash Price

$24,127

2.0 TDI Premium Plus S Line 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$48,752*

Total Cash Price

$18,584

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Convertible 1.8 TFSI Premium 2dr Convertible (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,021$1,052$1,083$1,116$1,150$5,423
Maintenance$2,325$1,330$1,419$2,121$2,869$10,064
Repairs$1,523$1,629$1,754$1,888$2,031$8,825
Taxes & Fees$1,047$48$48$48$48$1,239
Financing$1,186$958$713$448$163$3,468
Depreciation$4,684$2,065$1,817$1,611$1,445$11,622
Fuel$1,769$1,823$1,877$1,934$1,991$9,394
True Cost to Own®$13,556$8,905$8,711$9,167$9,697$50,035

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Convertible 1.8 TFSI Premium Plus S Line 2dr Convertible (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,301$1,340$1,380$1,421$1,465$6,906
Maintenance$2,961$1,694$1,807$2,701$3,653$12,817
Repairs$1,940$2,074$2,234$2,405$2,587$11,239
Taxes & Fees$1,334$61$61$61$61$1,578
Financing$1,511$1,220$907$571$207$4,416
Depreciation$5,964$2,630$2,314$2,052$1,840$14,800
Fuel$2,253$2,321$2,390$2,463$2,536$11,963
True Cost to Own®$17,263$11,340$11,093$11,674$12,349$63,720

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Convertible 1.8 TFSI Premium Plus 2dr Convertible (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,240$1,277$1,315$1,355$1,396$6,582
Maintenance$2,822$1,615$1,722$2,574$3,482$12,215
Repairs$1,849$1,977$2,129$2,292$2,465$10,711
Taxes & Fees$1,271$58$58$58$58$1,504
Financing$1,440$1,163$865$544$197$4,209
Depreciation$5,684$2,506$2,205$1,955$1,754$14,105
Fuel$2,147$2,212$2,278$2,347$2,417$11,401
True Cost to Own®$16,452$10,808$10,572$11,126$11,769$60,726

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Convertible 2.0 TFSI Prestige quattro 2dr Convertible AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,248$1,286$1,324$1,364$1,406$6,628
Maintenance$2,841$1,626$1,735$2,593$3,506$12,301
Repairs$1,862$1,991$2,144$2,308$2,482$10,786
Taxes & Fees$1,280$59$59$59$59$1,514
Financing$1,450$1,171$871$548$199$4,239
Depreciation$5,724$2,524$2,221$1,969$1,766$14,204
Fuel$2,162$2,228$2,294$2,364$2,434$11,481
True Cost to Own®$16,568$10,884$10,646$11,204$11,852$61,154

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Convertible 1.8 TFSI Prestige 2dr Convertible (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,152$1,187$1,222$1,259$1,298$6,118
Maintenance$2,623$1,501$1,601$2,393$3,237$11,355
Repairs$1,719$1,837$1,979$2,130$2,292$9,957
Taxes & Fees$1,181$54$54$54$54$1,398
Financing$1,338$1,081$804$506$183$3,912
Depreciation$5,284$2,330$2,050$1,818$1,630$13,112
Fuel$1,996$2,057$2,117$2,182$2,247$10,598
True Cost to Own®$15,294$10,047$9,827$10,342$10,940$56,450

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Convertible 2.0 TFSI Premium Plus quattro 2dr Convertible AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,048$1,079$1,111$1,145$1,180$5,562
Maintenance$2,384$1,364$1,456$2,176$2,942$10,322
Repairs$1,562$1,670$1,799$1,937$2,083$9,052
Taxes & Fees$1,074$49$49$49$49$1,271
Financing$1,217$983$731$460$167$3,557
Depreciation$4,804$2,118$1,864$1,652$1,482$11,920
Fuel$1,814$1,870$1,925$1,984$2,042$9,635
True Cost to Own®$13,903$9,133$8,934$9,402$9,946$51,318

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Convertible 2.0 TFSI Premium quattro 2dr Convertible AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$882$908$935$964$993$4,681
Maintenance$2,007$1,148$1,225$1,831$2,477$8,688
Repairs$1,315$1,406$1,514$1,630$1,753$7,618
Taxes & Fees$904$41$41$41$41$1,070
Financing$1,024$827$615$387$140$2,994
Depreciation$4,043$1,783$1,569$1,391$1,247$10,032
Fuel$1,527$1,574$1,620$1,670$1,719$8,109
True Cost to Own®$11,702$7,687$7,519$7,913$8,371$43,193

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Convertible 2.0 TFSI Premium Plus S Line quattro 2dr Convertible AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$986$1,016$1,046$1,078$1,111$5,238
Maintenance$2,245$1,285$1,371$2,049$2,771$9,720
Repairs$1,471$1,573$1,694$1,824$1,962$8,524
Taxes & Fees$1,011$46$46$46$46$1,197
Financing$1,146$925$688$433$157$3,349
Depreciation$4,523$1,994$1,755$1,556$1,396$11,224
Fuel$1,709$1,761$1,813$1,868$1,923$9,073
True Cost to Own®$13,092$8,600$8,413$8,854$9,365$48,324

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Sedan 1.8 TFSI Premium Plus S Line 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,083$1,115$1,148$1,183$1,219$5,747
Maintenance$2,464$1,410$1,504$2,248$3,040$10,666
Repairs$1,614$1,726$1,859$2,001$2,153$9,353
Taxes & Fees$1,110$51$51$51$51$1,313
Financing$1,257$1,016$755$475$172$3,675
Depreciation$4,964$2,189$1,926$1,707$1,531$12,317
Fuel$1,875$1,932$1,989$2,050$2,110$9,956
True Cost to Own®$14,367$9,438$9,232$9,715$10,277$53,029

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Sedan 2.0 TFSI Premium Plus quattro 4dr Sedan AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,004$1,034$1,065$1,097$1,130$5,330
Maintenance$2,285$1,308$1,395$2,085$2,820$9,892
Repairs$1,497$1,601$1,724$1,856$1,996$8,674
Taxes & Fees$1,029$47$47$47$47$1,218
Financing$1,166$942$700$440$160$3,409
Depreciation$4,603$2,030$1,786$1,584$1,420$11,423
Fuel$1,739$1,792$1,845$1,901$1,957$9,233
True Cost to Own®$13,324$8,753$8,562$9,010$9,531$49,180

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Sedan 2.0 TFSI Prestige quattro 4dr Sedan AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,275$1,313$1,352$1,393$1,435$6,767
Maintenance$2,901$1,660$1,771$2,647$3,580$12,559
Repairs$1,901$2,032$2,189$2,356$2,535$11,013
Taxes & Fees$1,307$60$60$60$60$1,546
Financing$1,480$1,196$889$559$203$4,327
Depreciation$5,844$2,577$2,267$2,010$1,803$14,502
Fuel$2,208$2,275$2,342$2,413$2,485$11,722
True Cost to Own®$16,916$11,112$10,870$11,439$12,100$62,437

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Sedan 2.0 TFSI Premium Plus S Line quattro 4dr Sedan AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,231$1,268$1,306$1,345$1,386$6,535
Maintenance$2,802$1,603$1,710$2,556$3,457$12,129
Repairs$1,836$1,963$2,114$2,276$2,448$10,636
Taxes & Fees$1,262$58$58$58$58$1,493
Financing$1,430$1,155$859$540$196$4,179
Depreciation$5,644$2,489$2,190$1,942$1,741$14,006
Fuel$2,132$2,197$2,262$2,331$2,400$11,321
True Cost to Own®$16,336$10,732$10,497$11,047$11,686$60,299

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Sedan 2.0 TFSI Premium quattro 4dr Sedan AWD (2.0L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,065$1,097$1,130$1,164$1,199$5,655
Maintenance$2,424$1,387$1,480$2,212$2,991$10,494
Repairs$1,588$1,698$1,829$1,969$2,118$9,202
Taxes & Fees$1,092$50$50$50$50$1,292
Financing$1,237$999$743$467$170$3,616
Depreciation$4,884$2,153$1,895$1,680$1,507$12,118
Fuel$1,845$1,901$1,957$2,017$2,076$9,795
True Cost to Own®$14,135$9,285$9,083$9,559$10,111$52,173

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Sedan 1.8 TFSI Premium Plus 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,257$1,295$1,333$1,374$1,416$6,674
Maintenance$2,861$1,637$1,747$2,611$3,531$12,387
Repairs$1,875$2,004$2,159$2,324$2,500$10,862
Taxes & Fees$1,289$59$59$59$59$1,525
Financing$1,460$1,179$877$552$200$4,268
Depreciation$5,764$2,542$2,236$1,983$1,778$14,304
Fuel$2,177$2,244$2,310$2,380$2,451$11,562
True Cost to Own®$16,684$10,960$10,721$11,282$11,935$61,582

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Sedan 1.8 TFSI Prestige 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,039$1,070$1,102$1,135$1,170$5,516
Maintenance$2,365$1,353$1,443$2,157$2,918$10,236
Repairs$1,549$1,656$1,784$1,921$2,066$8,976
Taxes & Fees$1,065$49$49$49$49$1,260
Financing$1,207$975$725$456$165$3,527
Depreciation$4,764$2,100$1,848$1,639$1,470$11,820
Fuel$1,799$1,854$1,909$1,967$2,025$9,555
True Cost to Own®$13,787$9,057$8,860$9,324$9,863$50,890
Ownership Costs: 5-Year Total

Depreciation

$9,933

Taxes & Fees

$1,059

Financing

$2,964

Fuel

$8,029

Insurance

$4,635

Repairs

$7,543

Maintenance

$8,602

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Sedan 1.8 TFSI Premium 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$873$899$926$954$983$4,635
Maintenance$1,987$1,137$1,213$1,813$2,452$8,602
Repairs$1,302$1,392$1,499$1,614$1,736$7,543
Taxes & Fees$895$41$41$41$41$1,059
Financing$1,014$819$609$383$139$2,964
Depreciation$4,003$1,765$1,553$1,377$1,235$9,933
Fuel$1,512$1,558$1,604$1,653$1,702$8,029
True Cost to Own®$11,586$7,611$7,445$7,835$8,288$42,765

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Diesel 2.0 TDI Premium Plus 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,301$1,340$1,380$1,421$1,465$6,906
Maintenance$2,961$1,694$1,807$2,701$3,653$12,817
Repairs$1,940$2,074$2,234$2,405$2,587$11,239
Taxes & Fees$1,334$61$61$61$61$1,578
Financing$1,511$1,220$907$571$207$4,416
Depreciation$5,964$2,630$2,314$2,052$1,840$14,800
Fuel$2,253$2,321$2,390$2,463$2,536$11,963
True Cost to Own®$17,263$11,340$11,093$11,674$12,349$63,720

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Diesel 2.0 TDI Premium 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$995$1,025$1,056$1,088$1,121$5,284
Maintenance$2,265$1,296$1,383$2,067$2,795$9,806
Repairs$1,484$1,587$1,709$1,840$1,979$8,599
Taxes & Fees$1,020$47$47$47$47$1,207
Financing$1,156$934$694$437$158$3,379
Depreciation$4,563$2,012$1,770$1,570$1,408$11,324
Fuel$1,724$1,776$1,829$1,884$1,940$9,153
True Cost to Own®$13,208$8,677$8,487$8,932$9,448$48,752

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Diesel 2.0 TDI Prestige 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$1,292$1,331$1,370$1,412$1,455$6,860
Maintenance$2,941$1,683$1,795$2,683$3,629$12,731
Repairs$1,927$2,060$2,219$2,389$2,569$11,164
Taxes & Fees$1,325$61$61$61$61$1,567
Financing$1,501$1,212$901$567$206$4,387
Depreciation$5,924$2,612$2,298$2,038$1,828$14,701
Fuel$2,238$2,306$2,374$2,446$2,519$11,883
True Cost to Own®$17,147$11,264$11,019$11,596$12,266$63,292

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2016 A3 Diesel 2.0 TDI Premium Plus S Line 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$995$1,025$1,056$1,088$1,121$5,284
Maintenance$2,265$1,296$1,383$2,067$2,795$9,806
Repairs$1,484$1,587$1,709$1,840$1,979$8,599
Taxes & Fees$1,020$47$47$47$47$1,207
Financing$1,156$934$694$437$158$3,379
Depreciation$4,563$2,012$1,770$1,570$1,408$11,324
Fuel$1,724$1,776$1,829$1,884$1,940$9,153
True Cost to Own®$13,208$8,677$8,487$8,932$9,448$48,752

*Based on a 5-year estimate with 15,000 miles driven per year.

Shop nowLearn about the 2016 A3 

True Cost To Own®

Edmunds.com's True Cost to Own® (TCO®) is proprietary data that helps you estimate the total five-year cost of buying and owning a vehicle — including some items you may not have taken into consideration. A benefit of using our TCO® tool is that you can easily compare the five-year totals for different vehicles and make a more informed choice.

The components of TCO® are depreciation, interest on financing, taxes and fees, insurance premiums, fuel, maintenance, repairs and any federal tax credit that may be available. In order to estimate certain mileage-dependent costs, we assume that vehicles will be driven 15,000 miles per year. For a used vehicle, we calculate the years the vehicle has been driven using the nominal difference between the current calendar year and the vehicle's model year, and assume that it was driven 15,000 miles during each of those years.

Note that TCO® is a comparative tool, not a predictive tool — your actual five-year cost of owning a particular vehicle will vary depending on your personal circumstances, such as your driving history and the number of miles you drive.

How We Calculate True Cost to Own®

The True Cost to Own® calculations use the following set of assumptions:

  • Ownership expenses are estimated for a five-year period
  • You will drive 15,000 miles per year
  • You are financing the vehicle using traditional financing, not lease financing
  • You have an above-average credit rating for the purpose of determining your finance rate
  • You are making a 10% down payment on the vehicle at purchase
  • Your loan term is 60 months

Using proprietary formulas, we calculate the five-year costs for the seven cost categories that make up the TCO® (depreciation, insurance, financing, taxes & fees, fuel, maintenance and repairs). We also take into account any applicable federal tax credit.

Explanation of True Cost to Own® Terms

Total Cash Price

For new vehicles, the Total Cash Price displayed is the vehicle's True Market Value® (TMV®) price plus typically equipped options, destination charge, base tax and fees assessed by your state, and, if applicable, gas guzzler tax; less any widely available manufacturer-to-customer cash rebates. (However, we do not account for other types of cash rebates or incentives because of the variability of those offers and their eligibility requirements.) For used vehicles, the Total Cash Price shown is the sum of the vehicle's Private Party TMV® price in "clean" condition plus typically equipped options, and base tax and fees assessed by your state.

Depreciation

This is the amount by which the value of a vehicle declines from its purchase price to its estimated resale value. The purchase price employed is the vehicle's Total Cash Price, minus any taxes and fees included in that amount. We estimate the resale value assuming the vehicle will be in "clean" condition, will be driven 15,000 miles per year, and will be sold to a private party.

Insurance

This is the estimated average annual insurance premium in your state. The premium has been determined based on annual premium data for defined driver profiles and coverages (liability, comprehensive and collision) from a major national insurer. While this information is specific to vehicle make, model, model year and body type, your personal information is not taken into consideration and could greatly alter the actual premium quoted by an insurer. Factors that will affect your rate include your age, marital status, credit history, driving record, and the garaging address of your vehicle.

Financing

This is the interest expense on a loan in the amount of the Total Cash Price, assuming a 10% down payment and a loan term of 60 months. The interest rate used is the prevailing rate that banks and other direct automotive lenders are currently charging consumers in your geographic region who have above average credit scores.

Note: Even if you do not finance your vehicle, the inclusion of financing cost in determining True Cost to Own® is still appropriate because it reflects the estimated "opportunity cost" (i.e., the amount you may earn) if you invest the Purchase Price instead of using it to purchase the vehicle.

Taxes & Fees

This consists of the base sales (or use) taxes, license and registration fees in your state, and gas guzzler tax if applicable. These taxes and fees are often based on a percentage of the purchase price, and generally decrease as the vehicle ages and loses its value.

Note: the state sales/use tax rate that we use includes the average local and county taxes assessed in that state.

Fuel

This expense is based on the revised EPA mileage ratings, assuming consumption consists of 45% highway and 55% city driving and that the vehicle is equipped with the transmission that is standard equipment for that vehicle. Cost estimates are based on the current one-year moving average of self-service prices in your state, using regular unleaded gasoline for vehicles whose manufacturers require regular; premium unleaded gasoline for vehicles whose manufacturers recommend or require premium; or diesel fuel for diesel vehicles.

Maintenance

This is the estimated expense of the two types of maintenance: scheduled and unscheduled. Scheduled maintenance is the performance of factory-recommended items at periodic mileage and/or calendar intervals. Unscheduled maintenance includes wheel alignment and the replacement of items such as the battery, brakes, headlamps, hoses, exhaust system parts, taillight/turn signal bulbs, tires and wiper blades/inserts. Estimated tire replacement costs are supplied to Edmunds.com by The Tire Rack, Inc.

Repairs

This is the estimated expense for repairs not covered by the vehicle manufacturer's warranties over the five years from the date of purchase, assuming 15,000 miles are driven annually. We estimate this expense based on the cost of a typical "zero deductible" extended warranty for the vehicle, minus the estimated amount of that cost that consists of the warranty provider's overhead and profit.

Federal Tax Credits

This is the tax credit that is provided for under the Energy Policy Act of 2005. A tax credit is subtracted directly from the total amount of federal tax you owe. The tax credit is for electric fuel vehicles.

The credit is only available to the original purchaser of a new, qualifying vehicle, and is subject to certain "phase out" rules that we take into consideration when computing TCO®. If a qualifying vehicle is leased to a consumer, the leasing company may claim the credit.



Edmunds Insurance Estimator

The Edmunds TCO® estimated monthly insurance payment for a 2016 Audi A3 in Virginia is:

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