Used 2015 Volkswagen Passat Cost to Own

Total 5-Year Ownership Costs

Passat Sedan

TDI SEL Premium 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$36,336*

Total Cash Price

$17,723

Limited Edition PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$33,194*

Total Cash Price

$13,602

Limited Edition 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$33,194*

Total Cash Price

$13,602

TDI SE 4dr Sedan w/Sunroof (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$34,329*

Total Cash Price

$15,674

SEL Premium PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$36,079*

Total Cash Price

$16,713

SE 4dr Sedan w/Sunroof, Navigation (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$34,458*

Total Cash Price

$15,189

SE PZEV 4dr Sedan w/Sunroof, Navigation (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$34,458*

Total Cash Price

$15,189

TDI SE 4dr Sedan w/Sunroof, Navigation (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

True Cost to Own

$34,907*

Total Cash Price

$16,312

SEL Premium 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$36,079*

Total Cash Price

$16,713

Wolfsburg Edition PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$32,652*

Total Cash Price

$13,580

TDI SE 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6M)

True Cost to Own

$34,131*

Total Cash Price

$14,771

S 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$32,041*

Total Cash Price

$12,906

S PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$32,041*

Total Cash Price

$12,906

Sport 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$34,801*

Total Cash Price

$15,254

Sport PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$34,747*

Total Cash Price

$15,194

SE PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$33,771*

Total Cash Price

$14,431

Wolfsburg Edition 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$32,565*

Total Cash Price

$13,484

SE 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

True Cost to Own

$33,771*

Total Cash Price

$14,431

V6 SEL Premium 4dr Sedan (3.6L 6cyl 6A)

True Cost to Own

$40,527*

Total Cash Price

$18,261

Sport 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 5M)

True Cost to Own

$35,077*

Total Cash Price

$14,519

S 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 5M)

True Cost to Own

$30,974*

Total Cash Price

$10,691

S PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 5M)

True Cost to Own

$32,548*

Total Cash Price

$12,426

Sport PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 5M)

True Cost to Own

$34,530*

Total Cash Price

$13,915

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Total

Depreciation

$11,905

Taxes & Fees

$1,133

Financing

$3,222

Fuel

$6,274

Insurance

$4,130

Repairs

$4,596

Maintenance

$5,076

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan TDI SEL Premium 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$778$801$825$850$876$4,130
Maintenance$609$197$2,326$326$1,618$5,076
Repairs$662$767$896$1,048$1,223$4,596
Taxes & Fees$969$41$41$41$41$1,133
Financing$1,102$891$662$416$151$3,222
Depreciation$5,087$2,128$1,818$1,550$1,322$11,905
Fuel$1,182$1,217$1,254$1,291$1,330$6,274
True Cost to Own®$10,389$6,042$7,822$5,522$6,561$36,336

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan Limited Edition PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$772$795$819$844$869$4,099
Maintenance$627$217$2,663$346$1,723$5,576
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$755$41$41$41$41$919
Financing$846$683$508$320$116$2,473
Depreciation$3,900$1,632$1,394$1,188$1,014$9,128
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$8,794$5,393$7,604$5,092$6,311$33,194

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan Limited Edition 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$772$795$819$844$869$4,099
Maintenance$627$217$2,663$346$1,723$5,576
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$755$41$41$41$41$919
Financing$846$683$508$320$116$2,473
Depreciation$3,900$1,632$1,394$1,188$1,014$9,128
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$8,794$5,393$7,604$5,092$6,311$33,194

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan TDI SE 4dr Sedan w/Sunroof (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$750$773$796$820$844$3,983
Maintenance$609$197$2,326$326$1,618$5,076
Repairs$662$767$896$1,048$1,223$4,596
Taxes & Fees$863$41$41$41$41$1,027
Financing$975$787$586$368$133$2,849
Depreciation$4,497$1,881$1,607$1,370$1,169$10,524
Fuel$1,182$1,217$1,254$1,291$1,330$6,274
True Cost to Own®$9,538$5,663$7,506$5,264$6,358$34,329

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan SEL Premium PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$772$795$819$844$869$4,099
Maintenance$627$217$2,726$346$1,723$5,639
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$917$41$41$41$41$1,081
Financing$1,039$840$624$393$142$3,038
Depreciation$4,796$2,006$1,714$1,461$1,246$11,223
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$10,045$5,924$8,103$5,438$6,569$36,079

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan SE 4dr Sedan w/Sunroof, Navigation (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$739$761$784$808$832$3,924
Maintenance$627$217$2,663$346$1,723$5,576
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$837$41$41$41$41$1,001
Financing$945$763$567$357$129$2,761
Depreciation$4,357$1,823$1,558$1,327$1,132$10,197
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$9,399$5,630$7,792$5,232$6,405$34,458

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan SE PZEV 4dr Sedan w/Sunroof, Navigation (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$739$761$784$808$832$3,924
Maintenance$627$217$2,663$346$1,723$5,576
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$837$41$41$41$41$1,001
Financing$945$763$567$357$129$2,761
Depreciation$4,357$1,823$1,558$1,327$1,132$10,197
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$9,399$5,630$7,792$5,232$6,405$34,458

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan TDI SE 4dr Sedan w/Sunroof, Navigation (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6AM)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$750$773$796$820$844$3,983
Maintenance$609$197$2,326$326$1,618$5,076
Repairs$662$767$896$1,048$1,223$4,596
Taxes & Fees$896$41$41$41$41$1,060
Financing$1,014$820$609$383$139$2,965
Depreciation$4,680$1,958$1,673$1,426$1,216$10,953
Fuel$1,182$1,217$1,254$1,291$1,330$6,274
True Cost to Own®$9,793$5,773$7,595$5,335$6,411$34,907

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan SEL Premium 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$772$795$819$844$869$4,099
Maintenance$627$217$2,726$346$1,723$5,639
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$917$41$41$41$41$1,081
Financing$1,039$840$624$393$142$3,038
Depreciation$4,796$2,006$1,714$1,461$1,246$11,223
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$10,045$5,924$8,103$5,438$6,569$36,079

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan Wolfsburg Edition PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$704$725$747$769$792$3,737
Maintenance$627$217$2,503$346$1,723$5,416
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$754$41$41$41$41$918
Financing$845$682$507$319$116$2,469
Depreciation$3,894$1,629$1,392$1,186$1,012$9,113
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$8,718$5,319$7,369$5,014$6,232$32,652

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan TDI SE 4dr Sedan (2.0L 4cyl Turbodiesel 6M)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$750$773$796$820$844$3,983
Maintenance$1,580$197$2,237$326$1,527$5,867
Repairs$662$767$896$1,048$1,223$4,596
Taxes & Fees$816$41$41$41$41$980
Financing$919$742$551$347$126$2,685
Depreciation$4,237$1,773$1,514$1,291$1,101$9,916
Fuel$1,150$1,184$1,220$1,256$1,294$6,104
True Cost to Own®$10,114$5,477$7,255$5,129$6,156$34,131

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan S 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$704$725$747$769$792$3,737
Maintenance$627$217$2,503$346$1,723$5,416
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$719$41$41$41$41$883
Financing$803$648$482$303$110$2,346
Depreciation$3,700$1,548$1,323$1,127$962$8,660
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$8,447$5,204$7,275$4,939$6,176$32,041

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan S PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$704$725$747$769$792$3,737
Maintenance$627$217$2,503$346$1,723$5,416
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$719$41$41$41$41$883
Financing$803$648$482$303$110$2,346
Depreciation$3,700$1,548$1,323$1,127$962$8,660
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$8,447$5,204$7,275$4,939$6,176$32,041

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan Sport 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$739$761$784$808$832$3,924
Maintenance$627$217$2,946$346$1,723$5,859
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$841$41$41$41$41$1,005
Financing$949$766$570$358$130$2,773
Depreciation$4,376$1,831$1,564$1,333$1,137$10,241
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$9,426$5,641$8,084$5,239$6,411$34,801

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan Sport PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$739$761$784$808$832$3,924
Maintenance$627$217$2,946$346$1,723$5,859
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$838$41$41$41$41$1,002
Financing$945$763$568$357$129$2,762
Depreciation$4,358$1,824$1,558$1,328$1,133$10,201
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$9,401$5,631$8,076$5,233$6,406$34,747

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan SE PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$739$761$784$808$832$3,924
Maintenance$627$217$2,663$346$1,723$5,576
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$798$41$41$41$41$962
Financing$897$725$540$338$123$2,623
Depreciation$4,139$1,732$1,479$1,261$1,076$9,687
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$9,094$5,501$7,686$5,147$6,343$33,771

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan Wolfsburg Edition 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$704$725$747$769$792$3,737
Maintenance$627$217$2,503$346$1,723$5,416
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$749$41$41$41$41$913
Financing$839$677$504$316$115$2,451
Depreciation$3,866$1,618$1,382$1,178$1,005$9,049
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$8,679$5,303$7,356$5,003$6,224$32,565

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan SE 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$739$761$784$808$832$3,924
Maintenance$627$217$2,663$346$1,723$5,576
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$798$41$41$41$41$962
Financing$897$725$540$338$123$2,623
Depreciation$4,139$1,732$1,479$1,261$1,076$9,687
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$9,094$5,501$7,686$5,147$6,343$33,771

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan V6 SEL Premium 4dr Sedan (3.6L 6cyl 6A)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$808$832$857$883$909$4,289
Maintenance$668$238$2,251$366$1,645$5,168
Repairs$501$582$681$795$928$3,487
Taxes & Fees$997$41$41$41$41$1,161
Financing$1,136$917$682$429$156$3,320
Depreciation$5,241$2,193$1,874$1,597$1,362$12,267
Fuel$2,041$2,102$2,165$2,230$2,297$10,835
True Cost to Own®$11,392$6,905$8,551$6,341$7,338$40,527

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan Sport 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 5M)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$739$761$784$808$832$3,924
Maintenance$1,749$217$2,858$346$1,632$6,802
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$803$41$41$41$41$967
Financing$903$729$543$341$123$2,639
Depreciation$4,164$1,742$1,489$1,269$1,082$9,746
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$10,252$5,515$7,894$5,158$6,258$35,077

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan S 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 5M)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$704$725$747$769$792$3,737
Maintenance$1,749$217$2,415$346$1,632$6,359
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$604$41$41$41$41$768
Financing$665$537$399$251$92$1,944
Depreciation$3,062$1,281$1,095$933$796$7,167
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$8,678$4,826$6,876$4,693$5,901$30,974

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan S PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 5M)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$704$725$747$769$792$3,737
Maintenance$1,749$217$2,415$346$1,632$6,359
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$694$41$41$41$41$858
Financing$773$624$464$292$106$2,259
Depreciation$3,562$1,490$1,273$1,085$926$8,336
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$9,376$5,122$7,119$4,886$6,045$32,548

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown

Selected Model:

2015 Passat Sedan Sport PZEV 4dr Sedan (1.8L 4cyl Turbo 5M)

Ownership Costs: 5-Year Breakdown
Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Total
Tax Credit$0$0$0$0$0$0
Insurance$739$761$784$808$832$3,924
Maintenance$1,749$217$2,858$346$1,632$6,802
Repairs$575$667$780$912$1,064$3,998
Taxes & Fees$771$41$41$41$41$935
Financing$865$699$520$327$119$2,530
Depreciation$3,991$1,670$1,426$1,216$1,037$9,340
Fuel$1,319$1,358$1,399$1,441$1,484$7,001
True Cost to Own®$10,009$5,413$7,808$5,091$6,209$34,530

*Based on a 5-year estimate with 15,000 miles driven per year.

Shop nowLearn about the 2015 Passat 

True Cost To Own®

Edmunds.com's True Cost to Own® (TCO®) is proprietary data that helps you estimate the total five-year cost of buying and owning a vehicle — including some items you may not have taken into consideration. A benefit of using our TCO® tool is that you can easily compare the five-year totals for different vehicles and make a more informed choice.

The components of TCO® are depreciation, interest on financing, taxes and fees, insurance premiums, fuel, maintenance, repairs and any federal tax credit that may be available. In order to estimate certain mileage-dependent costs, we assume that vehicles will be driven 15,000 miles per year. For a used vehicle, we calculate the years the vehicle has been driven using the nominal difference between the current calendar year and the vehicle's model year, and assume that it was driven 15,000 miles during each of those years.

Note that TCO® is a comparative tool, not a predictive tool — your actual five-year cost of owning a particular vehicle will vary depending on your personal circumstances, such as your driving history and the number of miles you drive.

How We Calculate True Cost to Own®

The True Cost to Own® calculations use the following set of assumptions:

  • Ownership expenses are estimated for a five-year period
  • You will drive 15,000 miles per year
  • You are financing the vehicle using traditional financing, not lease financing
  • You have an above-average credit rating for the purpose of determining your finance rate
  • You are making a 10% down payment on the vehicle at purchase
  • Your loan term is 60 months

Using proprietary formulas, we calculate the five-year costs for the seven cost categories that make up the TCO® (depreciation, insurance, financing, taxes & fees, fuel, maintenance and repairs). We also take into account any applicable federal tax credit.

Explanation of True Cost to Own® Terms

Total Cash Price

For new vehicles, the Total Cash Price displayed is the vehicle's True Market Value® (TMV®) price plus typically equipped options, destination charge, base tax and fees assessed by your state, and, if applicable, gas guzzler tax; less any widely available manufacturer-to-customer cash rebates. (However, we do not account for other types of cash rebates or incentives because of the variability of those offers and their eligibility requirements.) For used vehicles, the Total Cash Price shown is the sum of the vehicle's Private Party TMV® price in "clean" condition plus typically equipped options, and base tax and fees assessed by your state.

Depreciation

This is the amount by which the value of a vehicle declines from its purchase price to its estimated resale value. The purchase price employed is the vehicle's Total Cash Price, minus any taxes and fees included in that amount. We estimate the resale value assuming the vehicle will be in "clean" condition, will be driven 15,000 miles per year, and will be sold to a private party.

Insurance

This is the estimated average annual insurance premium in your state. The premium has been determined based on annual premium data for defined driver profiles and coverages (liability, comprehensive and collision) from a major national insurer. While this information is specific to vehicle make, model, model year and body type, your personal information is not taken into consideration and could greatly alter the actual premium quoted by an insurer. Factors that will affect your rate include your age, marital status, credit history, driving record, and the garaging address of your vehicle.

Financing

This is the interest expense on a loan in the amount of the Total Cash Price, assuming a 10% down payment and a loan term of 60 months. The interest rate used is the prevailing rate that banks and other direct automotive lenders are currently charging consumers in your geographic region who have above average credit scores.

Note: Even if you do not finance your vehicle, the inclusion of financing cost in determining True Cost to Own® is still appropriate because it reflects the estimated "opportunity cost" (i.e., the amount you may earn) if you invest the Purchase Price instead of using it to purchase the vehicle.

Taxes & Fees

This consists of the base sales (or use) taxes, license and registration fees in your state, and gas guzzler tax if applicable. These taxes and fees are often based on a percentage of the purchase price, and generally decrease as the vehicle ages and loses its value.

Note: the state sales/use tax rate that we use includes the average local and county taxes assessed in that state.

Fuel

This expense is based on the revised EPA mileage ratings, assuming consumption consists of 45% highway and 55% city driving and that the vehicle is equipped with the transmission that is standard equipment for that vehicle. Cost estimates are based on the current one-year moving average of self-service prices in your state, using regular unleaded gasoline for vehicles whose manufacturers require regular; premium unleaded gasoline for vehicles whose manufacturers recommend or require premium; or diesel fuel for diesel vehicles.

Maintenance

This is the estimated expense of the two types of maintenance: scheduled and unscheduled. Scheduled maintenance is the performance of factory-recommended items at periodic mileage and/or calendar intervals. Unscheduled maintenance includes wheel alignment and the replacement of items such as the battery, brakes, headlamps, hoses, exhaust system parts, taillight/turn signal bulbs, tires and wiper blades/inserts. Estimated tire replacement costs are supplied to Edmunds.com by The Tire Rack, Inc.

Repairs

This is the estimated expense for repairs not covered by the vehicle manufacturer's warranties over the five years from the date of purchase, assuming 15,000 miles are driven annually. We estimate this expense based on the cost of a typical "zero deductible" extended warranty for the vehicle, minus the estimated amount of that cost that consists of the warranty provider's overhead and profit.

Federal Tax Credits

This is the tax credit that is provided for under the Energy Policy Act of 2005. A tax credit is subtracted directly from the total amount of federal tax you owe. The tax credit is for electric fuel vehicles.

The credit is only available to the original purchaser of a new, qualifying vehicle, and is subject to certain "phase out" rules that we take into consideration when computing TCO®. If a qualifying vehicle is leased to a consumer, the leasing company may claim the credit.



Edmunds Insurance Estimator

The Edmunds TCO® estimated monthly insurance payment for a 2015 Volkswagen Passat in Virginia is:

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