How Many Electric Cars Are There in the U.S.?

The latest stats on EV sales and registrations in 2024

There are about 3.3 million electric cars on the road in the U.S., according to an Experian Automotive Market Trends report from the fourth quarter of 2023. This number is up from 2 million electric vehicles in 2022 and 1.3 million in 2021, but overall EVs account for just over 1% of the total light-duty vehicles currently on U.S. roads. While EVs are gaining traction, they are still a long way from catching up to gas-powered vehicles, which make up the remaining 285 million vehicles currently in operation.

Am I Ready for an EV?

  • EV ownership works best if you can charge at home (240V outlet) This typically means a 240V home installation, or other places your car is parked for several hours each day. Don't expect a regular household outlet (120V) to suffice.
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EV sales in the U.S.

From an EV sales perspective, there were 1,077,138 EVs sold in 2023, according to Edmunds sales data. This figure accounts for about 6.9% of new vehicle purchases. By comparison, there were 13,061,153 gas vehicles sold in 2023.

Sales volume EV HybridPlug-in hybridInternal combustion engine (ICE)
2015 54,179 318,87812,53017,086,650
2016 70,466 346,81616,98417,124,945
2017 94,626 369,72938,59516,727,920
2018 206,365 430,42154,51916,620,333
2019 225,741 590,44556,48216,186,224
2020 233,330 577,80338,65813,705,565
2021 389,410 757,43378,88313,790,304
2022 713,145 754,772113,74312,200,411
2023 1,077,138 1,242,608 177,081 13,061,153

Source: Edmunds sales data

EV sales for 2023 eclipsed 2022's numbers, when 713,145 vehicles were sold during the calendar year. And since 2018, electric car sales have increased by 422%. That said, Edmunds analysts have noted that the transition to full EVs has slowed, as hybrids currently appear to be the more comfortable choice for the majority of Americans seeking electrified options. This means that we're not likely to see the same explosive growth in the coming year.

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How many electric cars are registered in the U.S.?

There were over 2.4 million electric vehicles registered in 2022, according to the latest data from the U.S. Department of Energy. California had the greatest number of electric vehicle registrations, by a wide margin (903,620), followed by Florida (167,990), Texas (149,000), Washington (104,050) and New Jersey (87,030).

Electric Vehicle Registrations by State

State Registration count
Alabama 8,730
Alaska 1,970
Arizona 65,780
Arkansas 5,140
California 903,620
Colorado 59,910
Connecticut 22,030
Delaware 5,390
District of Columbia 5,860
Florida 167,990
Georgia 60,120
Hawaii 19,760
Idaho 5,940
Illinois 66,880
Indiana 17,710
Iowa 6,220
Kansas 7,550
Kentucky 7,560
Louisiana 5,880
Maine 4,990
Maryland 46,060
Massachusetts 49,440
Michigan 33,150
Minnesota 24,330
Mississippi 2,420
Missouri 17,870
Montana 3,260
Nebraska 4,570
Nevada 32,950
New Hampshire 6,990
New Jersey 87,030
New Mexico 7,080
New York 84,670
North Carolina 45,590
North Dakota 640
Ohio 34,060
Oklahoma 16,290
Oregon 46,980
Pennsylvania 47,440
Rhode Island 4,340
South Carolina 13,490
South Dakota 1,170
Tennessee 22,040
Texas 149,000
Utah 28,050
Vermont 5,260
Virginia 56,610
Washington 104,050
West Virginia 1,870
Wisconsin 15,700
Wyoming 840
Total 2,442,270

Source: National Renewable Energy Laboratory with data from Experian Information Solutions as of December 31, 2022

From an individual model perspective, the Tesla Model Y was the EV with the most vehicle registrations, placing in third place overall under the Ford F-150 and Toyota RAV4, according to Experian. The Tesla Model 3 also made the top 20 most registered vehicles, sitting in 12th place between the gas-powered Ram 1500 and the Honda Civic.

Which manufacturer has the highest EV sales?

Tesla sells the most electric vehicles in the U.S. by a wide margin. This metric is often called "market share," which is the percentage a given brand represents in the overall market. Take a look at our related article called "What Is the Percentage of Electric Cars in the U.S.?" for more detailed information on which other brands have the highest market share.

Edmunds says

Electric vehicles have come a long way in recent years. While sales are starting to slow a bit, there is still plenty of interest from shoppers who have been on the fence and perhaps waiting for prices to drop. Several new models are on the horizon and soon there will be even more EVs on the road. If you're in need of an EV now, take a look at our list of the best electric cars, as rated by our expert test team.

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