Skip to main content

Used INFINITI G Coupe for Sale in Ludington, MI

39 listings
  • $18,778
    good price
    $1,836 Below Market
    63,288 miles
    No accidents, 2 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Germain Ford of Columbus (316 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Columbus, OH / 316 miles away from Ludington, MI

    Backup Camera, Bluetooth, Automatic Headlights, Heated Seats, Navigation, Leather Seats. Black Obsidian AWD 7-Speed Automatic with Manual Shift 3.7L V...

    Dealer Review:

    I reserved my Ford Bronco in November 2020, ordered it in October 2021, re-ordered it in February 2022, and finally got it in October 2022! Through out the process Scott Cropper was amazing! He passed on any information he got from Ford as soon as he got it. This is not the first car we have purchased through Scott and it will certainly not be the last!

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL0DM950252
    Stock: UC02935A
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 12-29-2022

  • Price Drop
    $13,400
    good price
    $1,126 Below Market
    141,000 miles
    No accidents, 3 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Bommarito INFINITI (429 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Ellisville, MO / 429 miles away from Ludington, MI

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL0DM982957
    Stock: 100077M
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 01-06-2023

  • $16,595
    fair price
    $357 Below Market
    110,021 miles
    No accidents, 2 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Becks Auto Group (337 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Mason, OH / 337 miles away from Ludington, MI

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL5DM982792
    Stock: AA982792
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 09-12-2022

  • Stock photo **
    $16,338
    good price
    $1,019 Below Market
    97,406 miles
    2 Accidents, 4 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Don Miller Subaru East (154 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Madison, WI / 154 miles away from Ludington, MI

    What a fantastic deal! You're going to love the 2013 INFINITI G37x! Perfect for a driving enthusiast demanding comfort and luxury in a striking 4 door...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: No

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL3DM982144
    Stock: 82-640
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 01-20-2023

  • $18,998
    fair price
    $267 Below Market
    58,621 miles
    1 Accident, 4 Owners, Corporate fleet vehicle
    6cyl Automatic
    McGrath Lexus of Chicago (156 mi away)
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Chicago, IL / 156 miles away from Ludington, MI

    Recent Arrival! Graphite Shadow 2012 INFINITI G37 Journey **NAVIGATION, **PREMIUM PACKAGE, Graphite Leather, Navigation System. Odometer is 32309 mile...

    Dealer Review:

    Buying process was smooth. Kristal C. provided fast service. Overall great experience. Plus free exterior and interior car washes. Highly recommend.

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: No

    Personal Use Only: No

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    22 Combined MPG (19 City/27 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EK5CM423829
    Stock: P207A
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 01-25-2023

  • 137,071 miles
    Frame damage reported, 3 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Woody's Chrysler Dodge Jeep Ram (467 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Chillicothe, MO / 467 miles away from Ludington, MI

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Title issue reported

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: Yes

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: Yes

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL3DM982824
    Stock: 13WN99
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 09-16-2022

  • 116,810 miles
    1 Accident, 3 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Windy City Motors (156 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Chicago, IL / 156 miles away from Ludington, MI

    2011 INFINITI G37X---ALL WHEEL DRIVE---REVERSE CAMERA---NAVIGATION---SUNROOF---REVERSE PARKING SENSORS-LEATHER SEATS --MOOR ROOF--AM/FM/XM RADIO TOUCH...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: No

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL5BM260459
    Stock: W5257
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • 116,854 miles
    2 Accidents, 4 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    International Auto Outlet (332 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Hamilton, OH / 332 miles away from Ludington, MI

    2013 Infiniti G37 X - 2DOOR COUPE AWD - 3.7L V6 - LOADED -- NAVIGATION SYSTEM --- BACK UP CAMERA -- LEATHER HEATED SEATS -- POWER WINDOWS AND SEAT...

    Dealer Review:

    I bought a 2014 Nissan Versa from International Auto Outlet on 12/31/2022 for what I considered a great price. Unfortunately on my way to work on the following Tuesday the transmission started to have issues. I knew the Nissan CVT transmissions were prone to issues before buying it but had no issues on the test drive and with the car having 108,000 miles on it I took the risk. With this know issue in mind, I took the car to the local Nissan dealership and got it diagnosed. I received a quote from Nissan that stated there was a code in the vehicles computer and based on the code and the issues it was having I needed to have the Valve Body replaced and the computer updated with the newest software at a cost of just under $2000. I was a bit shocked at the price but since I had just purchased the car and it had the code for the transmission issue in it that was not disclosed at the time of purchase I called International Auto Outlet. At first they seemed to be willing to help and asked for the quote and told be they would reach out shortly with a resolution. I was later informed that they wanted me to bring the car into their service center. I asked what the plan was because I didn't want to bring the car there with out knowing what the potential results would be as it would have to be towed almost 50 miles. They didn't have any answer but I was told the Sales Supervisor might know so I asked to talk to them. I was told that they weren't there at the time but they would call back. I never got a call and when I called the Sales Supervisor was again not there. I have yet to get any call or explanation from the dealership. I can't say that they for sure knew about the transmission issue before selling the car but I'm sure I could ask Nissan for the history of codes in the vehicle's computer and find out. I think that it is very poor customer service to allow such an issue with no resolution and leave a customer on the hook with a $7500 car that can't drive.

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: No

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6ELXDM981380
    Stock: 981380
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • $13,990
    great price
    $2,915 Below Market
    102,300 miles
    No accidents, 3 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Paradise Motor Sports (421 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Lexington, KY / 421 miles away from Ludington, MI

    Verity of extended warranties available for purchase at our cost. Nice and clean 2012 Infiniti G37X Coupe AWD 3.7L V6.LOADED.PREMIUM PKG, Back-Up Cam...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6ELXCM471142
    Stock: 1142
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • $12,999
    fair price
    $192 Below Market
    155,410 miles
    No accidents, 2 Owners, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Brilliance Honda of Crystal Lake (153 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Crystal Lake, IL / 153 miles away from Ludington, MI

    LOADED UP G37x COUPE!! PREMIUM PACKAGE FEATURING POWER TILT N SLIDE MOONROOF!! NAVIGATION PACKAGE!! GRAPHITE LEATHER SEAT TRIM!! 8 WAY POWER HEATED FR...

    Dealer Review:

    Everything went very smoothly and fast. Salesman was very knowledgeable about the vehicle

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL1DM981302
    Stock: P7910A
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • $19,800
    fair price
    $604 Below Market
    61,907 miles
    No accidents, 3 Owners, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Bud & Doug Walters Auto Sales (123 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Kalamazoo, MI / 123 miles away from Ludington, MI

    *** ALL WHEEL DRIVE *** NAVIGATION *** REAR VIEW CAMERA *** LEATHER *** BEAUTIFUL CAR *** SPOTLESS CARFAX *** NEW BRAKES ALL AROUND*** LOW MILES*** Th...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL6DM980498
    Stock: 16490
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • $18,439
    fair price
    $107 Below Market
    85,986 miles
    No accidents, 1 Owner, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Carousel Nissan (305 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Iowa City, IA / 305 miles away from Ludington, MI

    New, Used, Certified, Demo and Loaner Vehicles Prices do not include additional fees and costs of closing, including government fees and taxes, any fi...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL9DM981435
    Stock: A4550
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • Price Drop
    $11,000
    good price
    $904 Below Market
    137,309 miles
    1 Accident, 2 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Next Gear Auto Sales (272 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Westfield, IN / 272 miles away from Ludington, MI

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: No

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL0BM260420
    Stock: 260420
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • 58,431 miles
    No accidents, 2 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Home delivery*
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Houston, TX / 1,101 miles away from Ludington, MI

    At Carvana, we go miles beyond the extra mile. That's why we provide you with a convenient, fast, and hassle-free car buying experience that puts you ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    22 Combined MPG (19 City/27 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EK8DM921539
    Stock: 2001908929
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 07-07-2022

  • 10,817 miles
    No accidents, 2 Owners, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Home delivery*
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Leather Seats
    • Upgraded Headlights
    • +more

    Located in Atlanta, GA / 711 miles away from Ludington, MI

    At Carvana, we go miles beyond the extra mile. That's why we provide you with a convenient, fast, and hassle-free car buying experience that puts you ...

    Dealer Review:

    Carvana selling this car as a ship to your door option. They state it is a manual transmission, until you dig deep into the interior picks which they cleaverly disguise to see it is in fact an automatic. Imagine I bought it and let them ship it based on the listing.

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: Yes

    Features and Specs:

    22 Combined MPG (19 City/27 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EK8CM421833
    Stock: 2001886335
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 11-29-2022

  • $16,590
    good price
    $1,718 Below Market
    90,013 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Home delivery*
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Orlando, FL / 1,102 miles away from Ludington, MI

    At Carvana, we go miles beyond the extra mile. That's why we provide you with a convenient, fast, and hassle-free car buying experience that puts you ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    22 Combined MPG (19 City/27 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EK1BM210519
    Stock: 2001924282
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 07-15-2022

  • $15,995
    fair price
    $167 Above Market
    91,172 miles
    No accidents, 3 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    INFINITI of Hoffman Estates (158 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Hoffman Estates, IL / 158 miles away from Ludington, MI

    Dealer Review:

    We decided to look here for a car and we were very pleased, with the service that we received beginning from Dakota! who waited outside patiently while we looked at a few cars and did not try to rush us . He introduced himself as we walked up to him my husband told him what type of car we were looking at. and He said OK let's go get the keys it only took a few minutes for him to get the licenses copied, and the keys , and the car ready ! we did buy the car we really liked it, The whole process with Dakota was just wonderful he is such a great person very delightful . he was friendly and helpful and has a great sense of humor, When I took the car back there today , as we had already discussed before leaving with it yesterday and Dakota had the service department check out a few things on the car and take care of it for us. So the car would be just what we needed and everything was safe and running great for us, Antwan in service was was very helpful , and knowledgeable. He made sure to take care of what we needed and than some. Marcin in finance deserves praise too, he was great and didn't try to force extras on us , he took his time going through the paperwork and he made the whole process go quickly. He has a great sense of humor. We highly recommend this dealer they really care about the customers being happy, they even offer free Starbucks coffee, Bottled Water and snacks. It must be nice to work at such a nice place.

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL4BM261165
    Stock: I23086A
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • $15,297
    fair price
    $378 Below Market
    118,877 miles
    1 Accident, 5 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Gregory INFINITI (141 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Libertyville, IL / 141 miles away from Ludington, MI

    New, Used, Certified, Demo and Loaner Vehicles Price does not include tax, title, license, and doc fee. While every reasonable effort is made to ensur...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: No

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6ELXDM950355
    Stock: U10277
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • $19,950
    good price
    $1,676 Below Market
    49,260 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    David Rice Auto Sales (133 mi away)
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Schoolcraft, MI / 133 miles away from Ludington, MI

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    22 Combined MPG (19 City/27 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EK4DM900316
    Stock: P8160
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • Price Drop
    $11,800
    fair price
    $507 Above Market
    162,266 miles
    No accidents, 4 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Dan Deery Toyota (319 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Leather Seats
    • +more

    Located in Cedar Falls, IA / 319 miles away from Ludington, MI

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: Yes

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL9CM470015
    Stock: UJ20898A
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

  • $17,998
    fair price
    $1,502 Above Market
    116,085 miles
    No accidents, 4 Owners, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Select Auto (407 mi away)
    • AWD/4WD
    • Back-up camera
    • Bluetooth
    • Heated seats
    • Navigation
    • +more

    Located in Frankfort, KY / 407 miles away from Ludington, MI

    2012 INFINITI G37 X AWD! SUNROOF, NAVIGATION, HEATED SEATS, BLUETOOTH, REAR PARKING SENSORS, DRIVER MEMORY SETTINGS, POWER SEATS, BACKUP CAMERA.

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    20 Combined MPG (18 City/25 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: JN1CV6EL1CM470624
    Stock: S8420
    Certified Pre-Owned: No

Previous
12
Next
Showing 1 - 21 out of 39 listings
Select Buying Experience
Filters
Location
Within 500 miles
Search radius

10mi

50mi

100mi

500mi

Make | Model | Year
make
model
to
Year(s)
Condition
Price & Payment
$
to
$
Price
Rating

Edmunds' ratings are backed by 15+ years of pricing research done by our data scientistsHow are ratings determined?We analyze millions of data points to generate our ratings. We look at vehicle configuration, options, history, nearby transactions, market pricing and more — the ratings are up-to-date and relevant to your search area.

Trim
Mileage
to
Mileage
Vehicle History
Engine & Drivetrain
Transmission

Engine Type

Drivetrain

Cylinders
Exterior Color
Interior Color
Features
Comfort & Convenience

Safety

Engine & Exterior

Entertainment
Options & Packages
MPG
to
MPG
Vehicle Listing Details

* Delivery of any kind does not apply to Alaska and Hawaii. Contact the dealer for delivery details, restrictions and costs.

** This image is a stock photo and may not reflect the model year or color of, and/or equipment offered on, the advertised vehicle.