Skip to main content

Used Acura TL for Sale

Showing Nationwide results. Enter your
for local results.
521 listings
  • $19,590
    Great Deal!Great price
    $1,846 below market
    33,416 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Leather Seats
    Sunroof/Moonroof
    Upgraded Headlights
    +more

    Located in Chicago, IL / 609 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F24CA015977
    Stock: 2001393722
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 12-02-2021

  • 95,615 miles
    No accidents, 2 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Los Angeles, CA / 2,271 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F53DA006635
    Stock: 2001641501
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 03-30-2022

  • $20,990
    Good Deal!Good price
    $668 below market
    41,512 miles
    No accidents, 1 Owner, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Philadelphia, PA / 144 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F77CA005083
    Stock: 2001603366
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 03-23-2022

  • $19,990
    Good Deal!Good price
    $684 below market
    76,766 miles
    No accidents, 2 Owners, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Atlanta, GA / 530 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    Dealer Review:

    Carvana selling this car as a ship to your door option. They state it is a manual transmission, until you dig deep into the interior picks which they cleaverly disguise to see it is in fact an automatic. Imagine I bought it and let them ship it based on the listing.

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: Yes

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F59EA000100
    Stock: 2001512950
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 02-19-2022

  • 28,637 miles
    No accidents, 1 Owner, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Houston, TX / 1,209 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F58CA006273
    Stock: 2001464000
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 02-03-2022

  • $20,990
    Good Deal!Good price
    $567 below market
    57,879 miles
    No accidents, 1 Owner, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Chicago, IL / 609 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F50EA006061
    Stock: 2001612932
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 03-03-2022

  • 60,094 miles
    No accidents, 3 Owners, Corporate fleet vehicle
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Atlanta, GA / 530 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    Dealer Review:

    Carvana selling this car as a ship to your door option. They state it is a manual transmission, until you dig deep into the interior picks which they cleaverly disguise to see it is in fact an automatic. Imagine I bought it and let them ship it based on the listing.

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: No

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: Yes

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F58DA010566
    Stock: 2001530427
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 03-08-2022

  • New Listing
    89,264 miles
    No accidents, 2 Owners, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in New York City, NY / 224 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F58CA023588
    Stock: 2001801670
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 05-18-2022

  • $18,990
    Fair Deal!Fair price
    85,220 miles
    No accidents, 1 Owner, Personal use
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    AWD/4WD
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    +more

    Located in Los Angeles, CA / 2,271 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    21 Combined MPG (18 City/26 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA9F50CA000618
    Stock: 2001530183
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 12-31-2021

  • 101,865 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Washington, DC / 46 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F55DA015823
    Stock: 2001778106
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 04-28-2022

  • $18,990
    Fair Deal!Fair price
    $299 below market
    61,192 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Leather Seats
    Sunroof/Moonroof
    Upgraded Headlights
    +more

    Located in Boston, MA / 404 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F29CA004151
    Stock: 2001199572
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 11-12-2021

  • $24,990
    Fair Deal!Fair price
    52,996 miles
    No accidents, 1 Owner, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    AWD/4WD
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    +more

    Located in New York City, NY / 224 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    21 Combined MPG (18 City/26 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA9F57EA002014
    Stock: 2001697107
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 03-22-2022

  • New Listing
    48,286 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Phoenix, AZ / 1,950 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F79CA013122
    Stock: 2001757059
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 04-28-2022

  • Price Drop
    $17,000
    Great Deal!Great price
    $3,790 below market
    47,623 miles
    No accidents, 1 Owner, Personal use only
    6cyl Automatic
    Suburban Ford Of Ferndale (Ferndale, MI)
    AWD/4WD
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    +more

    Located in Ferndale, MI / 378 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    GREAT MILES 47,623! Tech Auto trim. Heated Leather Seats, Nav System, Moonroof, Aluminum Wheels, All Wheel Drive, Rear Air, CarAndDriver.com's review ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary

    Accident Free Vehicle: Yes

    Personal Use Only: Yes

    History Provider: AutoCheck

    Title Details: Clean Title

    Salvage Vehicle: No

    Frame Damage: No

    Theft History: No

    Lemon Status: No

    Free History Report: No

    Features and Specs:

    21 Combined MPG (18 City/26 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA9F5XCA800519
    Stock: FP7167
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 04-20-2022

  • $27,590
    Fair Deal!Fair price
    25,282 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    AWD/4WD
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    +more

    Located in Houston, TX / 1,209 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    21 Combined MPG (18 City/26 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA9F5XEA001813
    Stock: 2001644295
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 03-09-2022

  • 33,285 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    Leather Seats
    +more

    Located in Washington, DC / 46 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F58EA004901
    Stock: 2001563237
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 02-23-2022

  • $18,990
    Fair Deal!Fair price
    65,421 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Leather Seats
    Sunroof/Moonroof
    Upgraded Headlights
    +more

    Located in Phoenix, AZ / 1,950 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F2XCA028927
    Stock: 2001680114
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 03-16-2022

  • 75,596 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Leather Seats
    Sunroof/Moonroof
    Upgraded Headlights
    +more

    Located in Boston, MA / 404 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F33EA001001
    Stock: 2001573626
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 02-03-2022

  • $19,590
    Fair Deal!Fair price
    77,909 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Leather Seats
    Sunroof/Moonroof
    Upgraded Headlights
    +more

    Located in Tampa, FL / 817 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F28EA007254
    Stock: 2001575805
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 01-31-2022

  • $19,590
    Fair Deal!Fair price
    87,818 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    AWD/4WD
    Back-up camera
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Navigation
    +more

    Located in Miami, FL / 931 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    21 Combined MPG (18 City/26 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA9F76CA011107
    Stock: 2001676657
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 03-15-2022

  • $21,990
    Fair Deal!Fair price
    39,990 miles
    6cyl Automatic
    Carvana (In-stock online)
    Delivery available*
    Bluetooth
    Heated seats
    Leather Seats
    Sunroof/Moonroof
    Upgraded Headlights
    +more

    Located in Dallas, TX / 1,159 miles away from Ashburn, VA

    At Carvana, we want to help everyone Live Feelessly�. That's why we never charge last-minute, bogus fees. We believe in treating you better--we think ...

    AutoCheck Vehicle History Summary Unavailable.

    Features and Specs:

    23 Combined MPG (20 City/29 Highway)

    Listing Information:

    VIN: 19UUA8F24EA004822
    Stock: 2001442515
    Certified Pre-Owned: No
    Listed since: 01-04-2022

Previous
Next
Showing 1 - 21 out of 521 listings

Consumer Reviews for the Acura TL

Read recent reviews for the Acura TL
Overall Consumer Rating
4.6 out of 5 stars223 Reviews
Write a reviewSee all 223 reviews
  • 5
    (79%)
  • 4
    (12%)
  • 3
    (6%)
  • 2
    (2%)
  • 1
    (1%)
5 out of 5 stars
Practical Sports Sedan
JackSafro,07/21/2015
As a lifelong car enthusiast with a baby and a frugal spouse, the TL fit the bill. The car is an underrated sleeper. It gives four-door, mid-sized, practicality, sporty driving dynamics, comfort, and tasteful style to my otherwise "nose-to-the-grindstone" life. My wife insisted I buy a Honda Accord. So I did! Only, I got the one with the big engine, super-handling all-wheel drive, and great stereo/technology. It was a good compromise between the mundane Honda sibling and a used BMW. My friend bought a very nice BMW 335 sedan when I bought my car. He is already talking about selling it because of the cost, poor BMW customer service, impractically small dimensions, and the many eat [dirt] looks he gets from other drivers. The TL's "anonymity" is a plus in my book. It is a nice looking car (I particularly like the interior) but not flashy. What most people do not expect is that the car is FAST. It handles great too. Having strong pulling power on the highway is a huge plus, particularly when merging in metro-Atlanta traffic. However, my favorite thing about the car is the SH-AWD. When pulling out into traffic from a stop or speeding into a left turn to beat traffic, the AWD system provides supreme confidence. Wheel spin is (at most) a brief chirp. The car hooks up and pounces like a hungry cat. No drama, just direct, immediate, acceleration. This is immensely helpful in day-to-day driving (again... metro-Atlanta traffic...). The ride is smooth and relaxed in normal driving, but comes alive when pushed. The SH-AWD is like having a magic carpet under you. It begs for you to stay on the power to "push" the car through turns. It is addicting, and I find myself goosing the throttle all the time--much to the dismay of all the dead dinosaurs out there (more on that later). One thing to consider though is that, when taking turns off throttle, SH-AWD is not active and the car (front heavy as it is) under-steers. This means you need to plan a bit ahead to take advantage of the torque vectoring, especially if your car has a manual transmission like mine. The car is smooth on the highway and appropriately taught around town. It is quiet (much quieter than my father's 2010 model) and an overall joy to drive. I find it to be very secure and reassuring in inclement weather. The clutch is typical Honda (consistent and relatively light) and the shifting is quite good. The only knock is that I think it has a clutch delay valve. This means lightning quick 1-2 shifts will result in grinding synchros (and a jarring blow to your sporting mood). Gas mileage is ok. I average about 18 mpg (premium recommended) in mixed driving. But a heavy right foot will drop my mileage as low as 15. This has happened a couple of times, but is rare. On the highway, I will get 25 or more mpg's. Easy driving will yield decent mpg and the car feels very relaxed and smooth if driven that way. It is just so difficult to refrain from experiencing the horsepower and SH-AWD. The interior is a very nice place to be. I find the seats pretty comfortable, though with maybe too much lumbar support. I personally prefer buttons and really like the layout of the center stack. The gauges are clear and sporty. The lights on the car are excellent, casting illumination bright and far. With the fog lights on, you can see pretty well into turns too--a nice plus in poorly lit neighborhood driving. The bluetooth, navigation, stereo, etc. are excellent. I would love better Pandora integration (thumbs up/down, etc), but it works fine. Did I mention the stereo is great!? I have had two minor intermittent rattles. The dealer poured over the car and found a couple of un-seated retaining clips. What I found remarkable was the high level of quality service and attention from my local dealer's service department (and I didn't even buy the car from them). They provided a (super nice) loaner and made sure to address my concerns. No BMW dealer offers such a high level of service. My buddy who bought the BMW went to pick it up after purchase. They were supposed to fix a paint chip and address several other issues. They had not completed most of the work. The BMW dealer handed my friend some touch-up paint and told him to do it himself (unbelievable! It was a $50,000 car). Don't get me wrong. BMW makes incredible cars. But I'll stick with good service and value. Overall, I LOVE my TL. It is nice without being too flashy, sporty yet comfortable, and very practical (though the trunk could be a smidge bigger). As anyone who's ever driven a Honda product knows, it is all about quality and value. The TL is not the fanciest or the sportiest. But it is arguably the most practical mix of traits that a practical car-enthusiast could want. And with Honda/Acura reliability and high re-sale values, I am confident about my purchasing decision. So go ahead, pick up a used one and enjoy! No one will look at you like you drive a BMW--even if you drive it like one.
Report abuse

More about the Acura TL

Edmunds has 521 used Acura TLs for sale near you, including a 2013 TL Technology Package Sedan and a 2014 TL SH-AWD Sedan ranging in price from $16,990 to $27,590.

How much is the used Acura TL?

There are 521 used Acura TL vehicles for sale near you, with an average cost of $20,448.
Edmunds found one or more Great deals on a used Acura TL near you, starting at $17,000.
That's $3,448 less than the average price of a used TL near you. Learn more about the Acura TL

Is the used Acura TL a good car?

The used Acura TL received an average score of 4.6 out of 5 based on 223 consumer reviews at Edmunds. If you want to learn more about the Acura TL, read Edmunds' expert review. Learn more about the Acura TL
Select Buying Experience
Filters

Distance

Nationwide
Search radius

10mi

50mi

100mi

500mi

Make | Model | Year

Year(s)

Condition

Price and Payment

$
$
Price

RatingHow are ratings determined?We analyze millions of data points to generate our ratings. We look at vehicle configuration, options, history, nearby transactions, market pricing and more — the ratings are up-to-date and relevant to your search area.

Edmunds' ratings are backed by 15+ years of pricing research done by our data scientists

Trim

Mileage

Mileage

Vehicle History

Engine and Drivetrain

Transmission


Engine Type


Drivetrain


Cylinders

Exterior Color

Interior Color

Features

Comfort & Convenience


Safety


Entertainment

MPG

MPG

Vehicle Listing Details


* Delivery of any kind does not apply to Alaska and Hawaii. Contact the dealer for delivery details, restrictions and costs.