2014 Cadillac ELR - Road Test Specs

2014 Cadillac ELR Sedan

(0-cyl. Hybrid 1-speed Direct Drive)
Vehicle
Year Make Model2014 Cadillac ELR 2dr Coupe (gas-electric hybrid DD)
Vehicle TypeFWD 2dr 4-passenger coupe
Base MSRP$75,995
Options on test vehicleRadiant Silver Metallic, Adaptive Cruise Control ($1,995 -- includes full-speed range-adaptive cruise control), Luxury Package, ($1,695 --- includes 20-by-8.5-inchultra-bright machined aluminum wheels with Midnight Silver premium painted pockets; IntelliBeam headlamps; side blind-zone alert; rear cross-traffic alert)
As-tested MSRP$79,685
Assembly locationDetroit, Michigan
North American parts content (%)45
Drivetrain
ConfigurationTransverse, front-mounted twin electric motors combined with gasoline engine, front-wheel drive
Engine typeNaturally aspirated, port-injected inline-4, gasoline with auto stop-start
Displacement (cc/cu-in)1,398/85
Block/head materialIron/aluminum
ValvetrainDOHC, 4 valves per cylinder, variable intake and exhaust-valve timing
Compression ratio (x:1)10.5
Horsepower (hp @ rpm)84 @ 4,800
Fuel typeElectricity and 91-octane premium (required)
Hybrid typeSeries-parallel, plug-in
Electric motor rating (kW)117 (battery only); 135 (with generator boost)
Combined horsepower (hp @ rpm)217
Combined torque (lb-ft @ rpm)295
Battery typeLithium-ion
Battery capacity, rated (kW-hr)16.5
Charge time (hours @ 110v/220v)16 @ 110V / 5.5 @ 220V
Plug-in driving range, mfr. claim (mi.)37
Transmission typePlanetary gearset CVT with direct drive and blended modes
Chassis
Suspension, frontIndependent, HiPer strut modified MacPherson struts, coil springs, computer-controlled two-mode variable dampers, stabilizer bar
Suspension, rearSemi-independent twist beam-axle with Watts link, coil springs, computer-controlled 2-mode variable dampers
Steering typeElectric-assist, speed-proportional rack-and-pinion steering
Steering ratio (x:1)15.4
Tire make and modelBridgestone Potenza RE97AS
Tire typeLow rolling resistance all-season front and rear
Tire sizeP245/40R20 95H M+S
Wheel size20-by-8.5 inches front and rear
Wheel materialCast aluminum
Brakes, front12.6-inch ventilated cast-iron discs with single-piston sliding calipers
Brakes, rear11.5-inch solid cast-iron discs with single-piston sliding calipers
Track Test Results
Acceleration, 0-30 mph (sec.)3.7
0-45 mph (sec.)5.5
0-60 mph (sec.)8.0
0-75 mph (sec.)11.5
1/4-mile (sec. @ mph)16.0 @ 89.2
0-60 with 1 foot of rollout (sec.)7.6
0-30 mph, trac ON (sec.)3.6
0-45 mph, trac ON (sec.)5.8
0-60 mph, trac ON (sec.)8.8
0-75 mph, trac ON (sec.)13.0
1/4-mile, trac ON (sec. @ mph)16.5 @ 85.0
0-60, trac ON with 1 foot of rollout (sec.)8.4
Braking, 30-0 mph (ft.)29
60-0 mph (ft.)116
Slalom, 6 x 100 ft. (mph)65.4
Slalom, 6 x 100 ft. (mph) ESC ON65.9
Skid pad, 200-ft. diameter (lateral g)0.82
Skid pad, 200-ft. diameter (lateral g) ESC ON0.82
Sound level @ idle (dB)38.0
@ Full throttle (dB)67.1 (EV mode = 64.1)
@ 70 mph cruise (dB)64.4 (EV mode = 63.7)
Test Driver Ratings & Comments
Acceleration commentsThere are several different modes you can fiddle with in this car, but most of them make little difference. We started with a full electric charge for the first runs. The very first run was in Normal with ESC and TC on. Turning off ESC/TC and switching to Sport mode made...pretty much zero difference. Power braking (overlapping throttle and brake) also does nothing to improve times. What did make a difference was putting the ELR into "Hold" mode, which brings the gasoline engine into play, and this was good for a 0.8-second improvement. Later, after we ran the car fully out of electric juice, we ran some more acceleration runs and our best run here was within 0.01-second to 60 mph, although quarter-mile times and trap speeds were ever-so-slightly better when the car had some battery power left. There's little technique nor driving skill needed to launch this car, because even with traction control turned off it never even came close to chirping the tires.
Braking commentsThe ELR proves why panic-braking tests are good for showing a car's instrumented stopping distance, and whether it exhibits pedal fade or not, but tells you little about how the car is out on the road in normal conditions. Because out on the road the ELR shows the wonky, hard-to-modulate hybrid braking characteristics we've always despised, making it hard to judge exactly how much pedal pressure you need to come to a smooth stop. Yet in our panic stops the pedal was firm, had a normal amount of travel and the car had well-controlled nosedive. We noticed a minor amount of side-to-side squirm due to the relatively low-grip tires. But the pedal remained consistent throughout. The first stop was the shortest at 116 feet. The third and fifth stops were the longest at 121 feet, while the sixth and final stop was 119 feet.
Handling commentsSlalom: The ELR actually does pretty well through the slalom, almost as sporty as it looks. What's interesting here is how eager it is to oversteer (swing the tail out): wasn't really expecting that. The key to a good time is to keep the aggressiveness of your turns to a minimum, because quick, hard turns bring the tail out, which then causes the stability control system to get in the game. Temper your aggression and the stability system will stay fairly hands-off. The steering is pretty quick and offers some semblance of feel, certainly more than we remember in the Chevy Volt. Skid pad: Grip level from these tires is only OK. In this lower-speed setting the ELR shows nowhere near the sporty characteristics it exhibited in the slalom. For the most part it's a constant battle to keep the front tires from sliding across the pavement. Changes in throttle have some effect, but not much. When left on, the stability control system cuts throttle and adds brakes, but not to the point that you can just keep the throttle pinned all the way around the circle. We could not beat the stability system's lateral g figure with all systems switched off. We had to settle for a tie.
Testing Conditions
Test date6/3/2014
Elevation (ft.)1,121
Temperature (F)82
Relative humidity (%)21.62
Barometric pressure (in. Hg)28.6
Wind (mph, direction)3.0, head
Odometer (mi.)2,798
Fuel used for test91-octane gasoline
As-tested tire pressures, f/r (psi)35/35
Fuel Consumption
EPA fuel economy (mpg)82
Edmunds observed (mpg)41.3
Fuel tank capacity (U.S. gal.)9.3
Driving range (mi.)44.3
Audio and Advanced Technology
Stereo description10-speaker Bose sound system with satellite radio, Bluetooth audio, an auxiliary audio jack and an iPod interface
iPod/digital media compatibilityStandard iPod via USB jack or auxiliary audio jack
Satellite radioStandard
Hard-drive music storage capacity (Gb)Standard
Bluetooth phone connectivityStandard
Navigation systemStandard hard drive with traffic
Telematics (OnStar, etc.)Standard
Smart entry/StartStandard ignition doors/trunk/hatch
Parking aidsStandard parking sonar front and rear back-up camera, optional rear cross-traffic detection
Blind-spot detectionOptional
Adaptive cruise controlOptional
Lane-departure monitoringOptional departure warning
Collision warning/avoidanceOptional
Driver coaching displayStandard
Dimensions & Capacities
Curb weight, mfr. claim (lbs.)4,050
Curb weight, as tested (lbs.)4,036
Weight distribution, as tested, f/r (%)61.4/38.6
Length (in.)186.0
Width (in.)72.7
Height (in.)55.9
Wheelbase (in.)106.1
Track, front (in.)62.1
Track, rear (in.)62.4
Turning circle (ft.)38.4
Legroom, front (in.)42.2
Legroom, rear (in.)33.6
Headroom, front (in.)36.9
Headroom, rear (in.)34.7
Shoulder room, front (in.)55.2
Shoulder room, rear (in.)49.9
Seating capacity4
Trunk volume (cu-ft)10.5
Warranty
Bumper-to-bumper4 years/50,000 miles
Powertrain6 years/70,000 miles
Corrosion4 years/50,000 miles
Roadside assistance6 years/70,000 miles
Free scheduled maintenance4 years/50,000 miles
Hybrid/battery8 years/100,000 miles

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